There are quite a few types of building materials utilized in the field of construction. The four most frequently utilized types of construction materials are concrete, masonry, steel, and wood. Each one of them has a distinct set of properties, which include things like cost, density, durability, and strength. These attributes make each one better suited for some circumstances than others, based on the specific needs in each case.
Choosing the proper types of building materials is crucial to the success or failure of a construction project. They need to be able to successfully resist any loads applied to them by the larger structure, but they also need to be available and affordable within the permitted construction budget. Keep reading to learn about these four types of building materials frequently used in construction.
First of all is concrete, which along with steel represents the man-made building materials on this list. Concrete itself is also categorized as a composite material. It’s made from a mixture of cement, water, crushed stone, and aggregates like sand. Concrete has a lot of strength when it undergoes compression-related stress. One the other hand, it’s rather brittle, nor does it have much tensile strength. This can be compensated for when it’s reinforced with steel rebar. When that happens, it’s strong enough for massive constructions like towers, bridges, and tunnels.
Masonry is one of the two natural types of construction materials on this list, and it’s useful in constructing single units or building things which uses mortar to bind multiple units together. Concrete blocks are sometimes used with steel reinforcement to build things, and masonry work is effective in holding up to compression stress. This is why it’s frequently used to build load-bearing walls. This durable material is prized for its fire-resistant nature. However, mortar quality can destabilize it, as can substandard workmanship.
Steel is easily one of the most robust construction materials around. Its capacity for handling both compression and tension is unparalleled. The tremendous strength-to-weight ratio is great for the structural framework of big buildings or facilities. Structural steel is also versatile given a multitude of available shapes, such as I beam, angles, and C-channels. Robust bolts can connect these pieces, although welding is another option for this economic material.
The history of wood being employed as a construction material dates back millennia. When maintained and cared for appropriately, it can also stand the test of time, possibly for centuries. It’s of course widely available in many locations. This self-replenishing natural resource is light in weight and can be machined in many different ways. Wood also offers effective insulation from cold air, making it a desirable construction substance for residential structures like apartment buildings and standalone homes. On the downside, wood isn’t great for basement walls and foundations, since it doesn’t deal well with direct contact to moisture and soil, nor does it put up with a heavy load or long spans very well.
There is quite a bit more about each of these types of construction materials that could be covered. However, hopefully you know a lot more now than you used about the kinds available, as well as their strengths and weaknesses. Again, selecting the right materials based on their attributes and cost in advance of starting any construction project will determine how well it eventually goes.
The following resource link was used in the research of this content. Visit it to learn more, if you are curious: https://structuralengineeringbasics.com/what-types-of-construction-building-materials/
There’s also plenty more content right here at CougarMinerals.com about these various materials and their potential applications, so feel free to stick around and learn more.